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Indonesia Popular Places to Visit

Belitung Geopark

For many centuries, the rock-studded coastline and offshore island with hundreds of tiny coves made this place is a perfect place for pirates’ nest. But now those rock park became tourist attraction and the government of Bangka Belitung (Babel) Islands has made a proposal to UNESCO for Belitung Rock Park to be declared as a world geopark.

Many different kinds of rock we can see here, from the Metasedimentary rocks cover about half of Belitung Island. The Siantu Formation composed by pillow lava and volcanic breccia is located on the north of the Belitung Island. Tajam Formation and Siantu Formation probably inter-fingers with the formation of a permo carboniferous age. Tanjungpandan (Pandanus Cape) Granite unit lies on the northwest of Belitung Island which is part of the Southeast Asia granite belt spreads from Myanmar along the Malaca Peninsula to Belitung. The Adamelite Baginda Unit is located in the edge of southern part of Island age of Jurassic.

Tanjung Pandan - Belitung, Indonesia

Belitung Island

Belitung though not yet as popular as Bali or Lombok in fact possesses some of South East Asia’s finest beaches, as well as offering refreshing sea breeze, clean sea water and easy to access as only about 400 km North of Jakarta or 500 km South of Singapore. It is only less than one-hour flight from Jakarta. When there will be direct flight from Singapore it will the less that 90 minutes’ flight.

Belitung island is one of the two large islands and several small islands belong to Bangka Belitung Province or local shorten as BABEL Province. It is the 31st province of Indonesia separated from North Sumatera since 2001. Before Bangka and Belitung belongs to South Sumatera Province following the history of 7th Century Srivijayan stone inscription testifies those two island links with Palembang. During the era of 14th to 17th centuries the area including Palembang managed under Javanese influence.

Bangka and Belitung are two verdant islands lying in the placid South China Sea to the east of Sumatera. Geologically Bangka and Belitung are more closely related to Malaya and Borneo that the Sumatera – forming part of the older, non-volcanic core of Sunda Shelf.

There are several different ways of writing concerning the name of this island, before the Dutch occupation people wrote as Belitong, during the Dutch era it was written as Billiton as also written in English way, after our independence it should be written as Belitung and now during the era of millennium people write as anyway but officially it is written as Belitung. 

History

Bangka Belitung and Palembang had been noticed overseas at least already since the 7th century, the name Shri Vijaya Kingdom with the city called Shri Bhoja (or Sri Boja) had been visited by I-Tsing a 7th century Chinese Buddhist pilgrim who has left behind an account of his travels to India. In between the year of 671-673 on his sailing journey from China to India. Later from 685 to 689 he stayed in Shri Vijaya Kingdom for 5 years he devoted himself to the translation of Buddhist Sanskrit texts.

At least until 1710 there were already transaction of sea, forest and iron products were the island’s principle export controlled by the Sultan through the Chinese Moslem agents living of the island.

Then in 1710 they found tin deposits in Bangka and Belitung make these two Islands become the tin producers. The Sultan abandoned attempts to work the mines with local recruits and began bringing in coolies from China. The early coolies were mainly hardy, hark-working Hakka from a mountainous Guangdong Province. Ingenious Chinese mining technique increased production and the Chinese soon organized themselves into cooperatives (kongsi) which developed new mines managed labors, smelted and sold the ore and shared the profits.

Those Hakka Chinese most of them stayed and married with local women once their contracts were up, and Hakka displaced Malay as the main language in the mining communities. The decedents, the local born Chinese or Peranakan Chinese or Chinese Huáqiáo live much the same way as local people.

Tanjung Pandan - Belitung, Indonesia

Taman Ayun Royal Temple

Taman Ayun, which literally means beautiful gardens is located in the village of Mengwi, 18 kilometres west of Denpasar, is indeed one of Ball's most picturesque temples. One of the kings of Mengwi, I Gusti Agung Anom. built the stately proportioned courtyards and large surrounding moat in the year 1634. Containing not only royal family ancestral shrines but also the "Meru" shrines to the major Balinese deities, Taman Ayun Temple became the most important temple of the ancient kingdom of Mengwi. Indonesia Jaya Reptile Park located in Mengwi, covers more than two hectares, and is home to many
reptiles, including the Komodo dragon, as well as many kinds of crocodiles, cobras, pythons, and various lizards. Apart from reptiles, this park also presents the "Debus" trance plus amazing fighting demonstrations between men and crocodile.

 

Denpasar - Bali, Indonesia

Ayung River White Water Rafting

The river Ayung is the longest and largest river in Bali. and this is where white Water rafting was first introduced in Bali. To experience rafting on the river Ayung's west side is amazing, because in addition to the enjoyment of the challenging rapids, the    panorama of this beautiful area is highlighted by many wild animals along the rafting route such as large bats, black monkeys, and many birds. Petang & Pelaga villages Located 800 metres above sea level, about 45 kilometers North of Denpasar at the northernmost point of the Badung regency, the charming villages of Petang and Pelaga are very interesting agro-tourism areas. Produce includes a vast array of vegetables as well as coffee and Vanilla.

Ubud - Bali, Indonesia

Uluwatu

At the westernmost tip of Peninsula, this is one of the Bali’s nine directional “Khayangan Jagat” Temples. The locations are dramatic, perched on the edge of a high cliff with a picturesque sunset view. The temple was first used for worship by the holy 11th century priest, Empu Kuturan, who came to Bali to bring religious law and to form Desa Adat (Traditional Villages). The area where the spectacular sunset can be viewed is filled with a scent of fragipani blossom and its also the home of friendly monkeys. 

Denpasar - Bali, Indonesia

Tanah Lot

Tanah Lot, one of the most popular places of interest in Bali, is located on the coast of West Bali, at the village of Beraban in the Tabanan Regency.
It is also called Tanah Let which means ancient land and also Tanah Lod, which means the land to the south.

The temple Pura Tanah Lot, simple in its construction, is dramatic in its ocean-front location and is one of the main temples in the worship of Balinese gods.

Tanah Lot has a long history in the world of tourism, The temple itself is built on a small promontory which is only accessible at low tide, during high water the rock takes on the appearance of a large boat at sea, such is its shape. Poisonous snakes live in the nearby caves to 'guard' the temple and contribute to the temple's dangerous reputation.

Sunset is the best time to visit Tanah lot, when the golden red skies frame the temple and waves crash into the rocks. It is advisable to avoid the tourist crush here as it can be severe
 

Denpasar - Bali, Indonesia

Krakatau

Indonesia belongs to one of the most volcanic and seismically active region in the world. There are 128 active volcanoes of which 76 had eruption in historic time. These were occurred in 3 belts which one of is Lesser Sunda Islands where Krakatau is located. The Indonesian Volcano logical Service classified those volcanoes as "class A" volcanoes, of which there 12 in Sumatra Island. One of those is Krakatau. Krakatau is located in South Lampung region in Sunda strait, between Java and Sumatera.

In the early time Krakatau estimated was a volcano with 2000 M in height. The catastrophic eruption destroyed the volcano and remained 3 islands i.e. Rakata, sertung and Panjang. The renewed activity was started at Rakata, and an island of strato volcano was built up with diameter of approximately 5 Km and 800 M high. After its dormancy, next activity was shifted come into existence with the height approximately 456 and 120 M above sea level. In 1883, the 3 summits (Rakata, Danan & Perbuatan) was erupted and leaving a piece of small part of Rakata. The boom of explosion causing tremors and was heard as far as Singapore and Australia. The wave washed everything away around volcano. The volcanic ash was blown in to the atmosphere, as much as 4 cubic miles. In 1927 the new activity was occurred and then Anak Krakatau existed in to being. Now Anak Krakatau has reached 250 M above sea level. Anak Krakatau still active with its gush of steam and smoke, make it spectacular view.

Today we can come and step our foot on it searching closely the minerals (Volcanic bomb, lava, lapel) from the bottom of the earth which were thrown up through its crater. Krakatau and its terrific eruption, which is recorded in the history, now has invites every one to come and see for science as well as for pleasure. The way to get there is from Canti located in Kalianda about an hour driving from Bandar Lampung, and the boats will take to the Karakatau area. Near by the Krakatau there are Sebuku and Sabesi Island as for stopover and staying over night. It is only taken one and half-hour from Canti.

Jakarta, Indonesia

Prambanan Temple

Borobudur Temple

Borobudur is the biggest Buddhist temple in the ninth century measuring 123 x 123 meters. It is located at Magelang, 90-km southeast of Semarang, or 42-km northwest of Yogyakarta. Borobudur temple is the one of the best-preserved ancient monument in Indonesia that are most frequently visited by over a million domestic as well as foreign visitors. It also had been acclaimed by the world as a cultural heritage main kind. The architectural style has no equal through out the world. It was completed centuries before Angkor Wat in Kamboja. Borobudur is one of the world's most famous temples; it stands majestically on a hilltop overlooking lush green fields and distant hills. Borobudur is built of gray andesite stone. It rises to seven terraces, each smaller than the one below it. The top is the Great Stupa, standing 40 meters above the ground. The walls of the Borobudur are sculptured in bas-reliefs extending over a total length of six kilometers. It has been hailed as the largest and most complete ensemble of Buddhist relieves in the world, unsurpassed in artistic merit and each scene an individual masterpiece.

Borobudur temple built in the eighth century by the Cailendra dynasty, is believed to have been derived from the Sanskrit words "Vihara Buddha Uhr" the Buddhist Monastery on the hill. Borobudur is a terraced temple surmounted by stupas, or stone towers; the terraces resemble Indonesian burial foundations, indicating that Borobudur was regarded as the symbol of the final resting place of its founder, a Syailendra, who was united after his death with the Buddha. The Prambanan temple complex is also associated with a dead king. The inscription of 856 mentions a royal funeral ceremony and shows that the dead king had joined Shiva, just as the founder of the Borobudur monument had joined the Buddha. Divine attributes, however, had been ascribed to kings during their lifetimes. A Mahayana inscription of this period shows that a ruler was said to have the purifying powers of a bodhisattva, the status assumed by the ruler of Shrivijaya in the 7th century; a 9th-century Shaivite inscription from the Kedu Plain describes a ruler as being "a portion of Shiva."

The Borobudur was in danger of collapsing as its stone statues and stone cancer, moss and lichen affected bas-reliefs. But, the monument has been completely restored and was officially opened by the President on 23rd February 1983. The restoration took eight years to complete, funded by the Government of Indonesia with aid from the UNESCO and donations from private citizens as well as from foreign governments.
 

Yogyakarta - Central Java, Indonesia

Jogja Sultan Palace

The palace court with its grand and elegant Javanese architecture lies in the center of the city. Prince Mangkubumi founded the palace in 1755. The Prince then was called Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I and he chose the right location of the compound between Winongo River and Code River. The palace stretches out from north to south. The front yard is called alun-alun Utara (the North Square), and the back yard is called Alun-alun Selatan (the South Square). The layout of the buildings shows that the Palace, the commemorative column and Mount Merapi lie in one line. The palace meeting hall is called Pagelaran, where formal meetings of palace officials are held, while the "Manguntur Tingkil" hall is the place where the Sultan is seated.

The visitors can enjoy the atmosphere of the kraton in former times by visiting the life-size diorama of wedding ceremonies on the palace meeting hall, performed by puppets, which are intentionally arranged to create such an atmosphere. Sets of Javanese musical instruments, antiques and heirlooms have made the palace of Yogyakarta worth to visit. Many sets of gamelan music instruments, antiques, and heirlooms make the palace of Yogyakarta the most interesting tourist attractions in Yogyakarta. The palace of Ngayogyokarto Hadiningrat is now the dwelling place of Sultan Hamengku Buwono X and the family.

West of the palace, there is Water Castle, built in 1758 by the prince, Sultan Hamengkubuwono I. The Water Castle is located in the older part of the city within walking distance from the Bird Market. Part of the pleasure garden and castle is at present no more than an intriguing collection of ruins, pools, arches and underground passages enclosed by massive walls, however, the central courtyard with the nymph-baths has been restored. A number of batik workshops line the avenue leading to the pleasure garden's entrance.
 

Yogyakarta - Central Java, Indonesia